Moderately Acidic pH Promotes Angiogenesis: An In Vitro and In Vivo Study
Journal of Endodontics
Introduction: This study evaluated the effect of different pH values of 4.4, 5.4, 6.4, 7.4, 8.4, and 9.4 on angiogenesis. Methods: Endothelial cells were isolated from the mice molar teeth and placed in 42 Matrigel (Corning, NY)-coated wells, which were prepared and divided into 6 groups (n = 7). Synthetic tissue fluid was prepared and divided into 6 parts, and their pH values were adjusted to 4.4, 5.4, 6.4, 7.4, 8.4, and 9.4. A 2-mL volume from each group was diluted in the growth medium at a ratio of 1:3 and used for tubulogenesis assay. Forty-two 6-week-old mice in 6 groups (n = 7) were used for choroidal neovascularization (CNV). A 2-μL volume from each group or saline (control) was delivered by intravitreal injection on the day of laser application and 1 week later. Data on the number of nodes, the total length of the branches, and CNV areas (μm2) were determined using ImageJ software (National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD) and analyzed with 1-way analysis of variance and post hoc Tukey tests. The correlation was assessed between the tested variables. Results: The number of nodes decreased with changes in pH values as follows: 6.4 > 5.4 > 7.4 > 8.4 > 9.4 > 4.4. The total branch length decreased with pH value changes as follows: 6.4 > 4.4 > 6.4 > 7.4 > 8.4 > 9.4, and the CNV areas decreased with pH value changes as follows: 6.4 > 5.4 > 4.4 > 7.4 > 8.4 > 9.4. Conclusions: Moderately acidic pH values (5.4 and 6.4) enhanced angiogenesis, whereas moderately alkaline pH values (8.4 and 9.4) suppressed angiogenesis.
Saghiri, M. A.,
Morgano, S. M.,
Moderately Acidic pH Promotes Angiogenesis: An In Vitro and In Vivo Study.
Journal of Endodontics, 46(8), 1113–1119.