Title

Role of synexin in membrane fusion. Enhancement of calcium-dependent fusion of phospholipid vesicles.

ORCiD

Nejat Düzgüneş: 0000-0001-6159-1391

Document Type

Article

Publication Title

Journal of Biological Chemistry

ISSN

0021-9258

Volume

256

Issue

8

First Page

3641

Last Page

3644

Publication Date

4-25-1981

Abstract

Synexin, a soluble adrenal medullary and liver protein which causes calcium-dependent aggregation of isolated chromaffin granules, was isolated and purified according to published procedures. The effects of synexin on the kinetics of membrane fusion were examined. Membrane fusion was assayed by following the mixing of aqueous contents of phospholipid vesicles. Synexin lowers the threshold of CA2+ concentration required for fusion of large unilamellar vesicles of phosphatidylserine and a mixture of phosphatidylserine with phosphatidylethanolamine. synexin also increases drastically the initial rate of fusion. the initial rate of fusion increases with the quantity of synexin present in the reaction mixture. In the presence of 1-2 mM Ca2+ and 50 microM phospholipid, synexin at 20 to 40 micrograms/ml increases the rate of fusion by two orders of magnitude. Mg2+ does not support synexin-induced fusion. With vesicles containing a mixture of phosphatidylserine with phosphatidylcholine, synexin enhances aggregation in the presence of CA2+, without promoting fusion. Synexin may play a role in exocytosis by promoting fusion of membranes containing specific phospholipids in the presence of Ca2+.

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