Title

Fusion of Liposomes Containing a Novel Cationic Lipid, N-[2,3-(Dioleyloxy)propyl]-N,N,N-trimethylammonium: Induction by Multivalent Anions and Asymmetric Fusion with Acidic Phospholipid Vesicles

ORCiD

Nejat Düzgüneş: 0000-0001-6159-1391

Document Type

Article

Publication Title

Biochemistry

ISSN

0006-2960

Volume

28

Issue

23

DOI

10.1021/bi00449a033

First Page

9179

Last Page

9184

Publication Date

1-1-1989

Abstract

The fusion behavior of large unilamellar liposomes composed of N-[2,3-(dioleyloxy)propyl]-N,N,N-trimethylammonium (DOTMA) and either phosphatidylcholine (PC) or phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) has been investigated by a fluorescence resonance energy transfer assay for lipid mixing, dynamic light scattering, and electron microscopy. Polyvalent anions induced the fusion of DOTMA/PE (1:1) liposomes with the following sequence of effectiveness: citrate > EDTA > phosphate, in the presence 100 mM NaCl, pH 7.4. Sulfate, dipicolinate, and acetate were ineffective. DOTMA/PC (1:1) vesicles were completely refractory to fusion in the presence of multivalent anions in the concentration range studied, consistent with the inhibitory effect of PC in divalent cation induced fusion of negatively charged vesicles. DOTMA/PE vesicles could fuse with DOTMA/PC vesicles in the presence of high concentrations of citrate, but not of phosphate. Mixing of DOTMA/PE liposomes with negatively charged phosphatidylserine (PS)/PE or PS/PC (1:1) vesicles resulted in membrane fusion in the absence of multivalent anions. DOTMA/PC liposomes also fused with PS/PE liposomes and, to a limited extent, with PS/PC liposomes. These observations suggest that the interaction of the negatively charged PS polar group with the positively charged trimethylammonium of DOTMA is sufficient to mediate fusion between the two membranes containing these lipids and that the nature of the zwitterionic phospholipid component of these vesicles is an additional determinant of membrane fusion. © 1989, American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

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