Investigation of foreign materials in gingival lesions: a clinicopathologic, energy-dispersive microanalysis of the lesions and in vitro confirmation of pro-inflammatory effects of the foreign materials
David M. Ojcius: 0000-0003-1461-4495
Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
© 2019 Elsevier Inc. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical and histopathologic features of gingival lesions containing foreign material (GLFMs). In parallel, the composition of the foreign material and its effects in primary human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) were investigated. Study Design: Eighty-six GLFMs were retrieved from an oral pathology biopsy service. Clinical and microscopic data were analyzed, and the composition of the particles was identified by using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). Furthermore, HGFs were stimulated with silica (SiO2) microparticles to investigate the production of collagen type 1 (COL-1), matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2), and inflammatory cytokines. Results: GLFMs were most commonly found in women (60.5%) and most frequently described as white plaques. Histopathologic examination identified verrucous hyperplasia in 59% and epithelial dysplasia in 28% of the cases. EDX microanalysis revealed that Si (94%) was the most frequently detected foreign element. SiO2 microparticles induced higher COL-1 expression; higher levels of proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8, and transforming growth factor-β, and increased MMP-2 activity in HGFs. Conclusions: There was a strong association between the presence of foreign material in the gingiva and white verrucous clinical lesions. In addition, the most common element in the foreign material was Si, and our in vitro findings demonstrate the importance of silica-mediated effects on gingival fibroblasts.
Cox, D. P.,
Chambers, D. W.,
Young, J. D.,
Ojcius, D. M.,
Investigation of foreign materials in gingival lesions: a clinicopathologic, energy-dispersive microanalysis of the lesions and in vitro confirmation of pro-inflammatory effects of the foreign materials.
Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology, 128(3), 250–267.