Hormetic Effects of Phytochemicals on Health and Longevity
David M. Ojcius: 0000-0003-1461-4495
Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd Caloric restriction, intermittent fasting, and exercise activate defensive cellular responses such as autophagy, DNA repair, and the induction of antioxidant enzymes. These processes improve health and longevity by protecting cells and organs against damage, mutations, and reactive oxygen species. Consuming a diet rich in vegetables, fruits, and mushrooms can also improve health and longevity. Phytochemicals such as alkaloids, polyphenols, and terpenoids found in plants and fungi activate the same cellular processes as caloric restriction, fasting, and exercise. Many of the beneficial effects of fruits and vegetables may thus be due to activation of stress resistance pathways by phytochemicals. A better understanding of the mechanisms of action of phytochemicals may provide important insights to delay aging and prevent chronic diseases.
Ojcius, D. M.,
Young, J. D.
Hormetic Effects of Phytochemicals on Health and Longevity.
Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism, 30(6), 335–346.