Bcl-2 acts in a proangiogenic signaling pathway through nuclear factor-kappaB and CXC chemokines
Dr. Benjamin D. Zeitlin: 0000-0003-0110-0188
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induces expression of Bcl-2 in tumor-associated microvascular endothelial cells. We have previously reported that up-regulated Bcl-2 expression in microvascular endothelial cells is sufficient to enhance intratumoral angiogenesis and to accelerate tumor growth. We initially attributed these results to Bcl-2-mediated endothelial cell survival. However, in recent experiments, we observed that conditioned medium from Bcl-2-transduced human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HDMEC-Bcl-2) is sufficient to induce potent neovascularization in the rat corneal assay, whereas conditioned medium from empty vector controls (HDMEC-LXSN) does not induce angiogenesis. These results cannot be attributed to the role of Bcl-2 in cell survival. To understand this unexpected observation, we did gene expression arrays that revealed that the expression of the proangiogenic chemokines interleukin-8 (CXCL8) and growth-related oncogene-alpha (CXCL1) is significantly higher in HDMEC exposed to VEGF and in HDMEC-Bcl-2 than in controls. Inhibition of Bcl-2 expression with small interfering RNA-Bcl-2, or the inhibition of Bcl-2 function with small molecule inhibitor BL-193, down-regulated CXCL8 and CXCL1 expression and caused marked decrease in the angiogenic potential of endothelial cells without affecting cell viability. Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) is highly activated in HDMEC exposed to VEGF and HDMEC-Bcl-2 cells, and genetic and chemical approaches to block the activity of NF-kappa B down-regulated CXCL8 and CXCL1 expression levels. These results reveal a novel function for Bcl-2 as a proangiogenic signaling molecule and suggest a role for this pathway in tumor angiogenesis.
Warner, K. A.,
Zeitlin, B. D.,
Wurtzel, L. E.,
Strieter, R. M.,
Nör, J. E.
Bcl-2 acts in a proangiogenic signaling pathway through nuclear factor-kappaB and CXC chemokines.
Cancer Research, 65(12), 5063–5069.