Title

Mechanical behavior of M-Wire and conventional NiTi wire used to manufacture rotary endodontic instruments.

ORCiD

Dr. Ove A. Peters: 0000-0001-5222-8718

Document Type

Article

Publication Title

Dental Materials : official publication of the Academy of Dental Materials

ISSN

1879-0097

Volume

29

Issue

12

DOI

10.1016/j.dental.2013.10.004

First Page

318

Last Page

324

Publication Date

12-1-2013

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Comparison of physical and mechanical properties of one conventional and a new NiTi wire, which had received an additional thermomechanical treatment.

METHODS: Specimens of both conventional (NiTi) and the new type of wire, called M-Wire (MW), were subjected to tensile and three-point bending tests, Vickers microhardness measurements, and to rotating-bending fatigue tests at a strain-controlled level of 6%. Fracture surfaces were observed by scanning electron microscopy and the non-deformed microstructures by transmission electron microscopy.

RESULTS: The thermomechanical treatment applied to produce the M-Wire apparently increased the tensile strength and Vickers microhardness of the material, but its apparent Young modulus was smaller than that of conventionally treated NiTi. The three-point bending tests showed a higher flexibility for MW which also exhibited a significantly higher number of cycles to failure.

SIGNIFICANCE: M-Wire presented mechanical properties that can render endodontic instruments more flexible and fatigue resistant than those made with conventionally processed NiTi wires.

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