Mechanical behavior of M-Wire and conventional NiTi wire used to manufacture rotary endodontic instruments.
Dr. Ove A. Peters: 0000-0001-5222-8718
Dental Materials : official publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
OBJECTIVE: Comparison of physical and mechanical properties of one conventional and a new NiTi wire, which had received an additional thermomechanical treatment.
METHODS: Specimens of both conventional (NiTi) and the new type of wire, called M-Wire (MW), were subjected to tensile and three-point bending tests, Vickers microhardness measurements, and to rotating-bending fatigue tests at a strain-controlled level of 6%. Fracture surfaces were observed by scanning electron microscopy and the non-deformed microstructures by transmission electron microscopy.
RESULTS: The thermomechanical treatment applied to produce the M-Wire apparently increased the tensile strength and Vickers microhardness of the material, but its apparent Young modulus was smaller than that of conventionally treated NiTi. The three-point bending tests showed a higher flexibility for MW which also exhibited a significantly higher number of cycles to failure.
SIGNIFICANCE: M-Wire presented mechanical properties that can render endodontic instruments more flexible and fatigue resistant than those made with conventionally processed NiTi wires.
Pereira, É. S.,
Gomes, R. O.,
Leroy, A. M.,
Peters, O. A.,
de Azevedo Bahia, M. G.,
Buono, V. T.
Mechanical behavior of M-Wire and conventional NiTi wire used to manufacture rotary endodontic instruments..
Dental Materials : official publication of the Academy of Dental Materials, 29(12), 318–324.