Occlusal loading of EBA and MTA root-end fillings in a computer-controlled masticator: a scanning electron microscopic study.
Dr. Ove A. Peters: 0000-0001-5222-8718
International Endodontic Journal
AIM: The aim of this investigation was to assess the marginal adaptation of Super-EBA (EBA) and Pro Root MTA (MTA) root-end fillings and the occurrence of microcracks in resected root-ends of extracted teeth before and after occlusal loading for a five-year equivalent period in a computer-controlled masticator.
METHODOLOGY: Twenty-four molar teeth were root-filled using lateral condensation and their root-ends resected. Root-end cavities were prepared and either EBA or MTA root-end fillings were placed. All surgical procedures were completed in vitro under an operating microscope. Replicas taken of the root-end fillings and resected root-ends were examined using an SEM before and after they were subjected to in vitro chewing cycles in a computer-controlled chewing simulator for the equivalent of 5 years. Marginal adaptation and integrity of the two root-end filling materials were evaluated and the presence of microcracks recorded.
RESULTS: Before loading, a continuous margin was observed with 99.4 +/- 2.4% of EBA and 99.2 +/- 1.6% of MTA root-end fillings. After loading, the percentage of continuous margin decreased to 93.1 +/- 6.6% and 98.9 +/- 3.2% for EBA and MTA, respectively. After occlusal loading, 39.5% of the EBA root-end fillings were overfilled, whilst 52.6% of the MTA root-end fillings were underfilled. In total, 12.5% of the resected root-end surfaces showed microcracking before loading and 25% after occlusal loading.
CONCLUSIONS: Both EBA and MTA displayed excellent marginal adaptation before masticatory loading. After loading, the amount of continuous margin for both root-end filling materials decreased slightly but was still high.
Peters, C. I.,
Peters, O. A.
Occlusal loading of EBA and MTA root-end fillings in a computer-controlled masticator: a scanning electron microscopic study..
International Endodontic Journal, 35(1), 22–29.