Title

Three-dimensional analysis of root canal geometry by high-resolution computed tomography.

ORCiD

Dr. Ove A. Peters: 0000-0001-5222-8718

Document Type

Article

Publication Title

Journal of Dental Research

ISSN

0022-0345

Volume

79

Issue

6

DOI

10.1177/00220345000790060901

First Page

1405

Last Page

1409

Publication Date

6-1-2000

Abstract

A detailed understanding of the complexity of root canal systems is imperative to ensure successful root canal preparation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential and accuracy of a three-dimensional, non-destructive technique for detailing root canal geometry by means of high-resolution tomography. The anatomy of root canals in 12 extracted human maxillary molars was analyzed by means of a micro-computed tomography scanner (microCT, cubic resolution 34 microm). A special mounting device facilitated repeated precise repositioning of the teeth in the microCT. Surface areas and volumes of each canal were calculated by triangulation, and means were determined. Model-independent methods were used to evaluate the canals' diameters and configuration. The calculated and measured volumes and the areas of artificial root canals, produced by the drilling of precision holes into dentin disks, were well-correlated. Semi-automated repositioning of specimens resulted in near-perfect matching (< 1 voxel) when outer canal contours were assessed. Root canal geometry was accurately assessed by this innovative technique; therefore, variables and indices presented may serve as a basis for further analyses of root canal anatomy in experimental endodontology.

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