The Effects of Behavioral Skills Trainingand Peer Modeling on College Students' Pours
Carolynn Kohn: 0000-0002-2156-4898
Annual Convention of the Association for Behavior Analysis International
May 25-29, 2017
Date of Presentation
College students excessive alcohol consumption often results in negative consequences. Because students who avoid excessive drinking report counting their drinks, campus alcohol education courses are designed to teach students to accurately identify and pour standard servings. However, few studies have evaluated teaching this skill, and none have used BST. Because college students often imitate their peers, it is unclear if skills gained during BST would be lost in the presence of peers modeling inaccurate pouring. We used a nonconcurrent multiple baseline across subjects design to evaluate the (1) use of BST to teach college students (N = 19) to pour standard servings of beer (12 fl oz), and (2) effects of inaccurate peer modeling on skill maintenance. Participants who poured inaccurately at baseline (n = 17), poured accurately after receiving BST. Immediately following BST, all participants engaged in a group training where they observed two confederate peers over-pour, under-pour, or pour accurately; all participants maintained accurate pouring. Results suggest BST can be used to teach accurate pouring and these skills maintain in the presence of inaccurate peer models. Directions for future research include evaluating BST in alcohol education courses with different alcohol types and vessels, along with maintenance in naturalistic settings.
Kohn, C. S.
The Effects of Behavioral Skills Trainingand Peer Modeling on College Students' Pours.
Paper presented at Annual Convention of the Association for Behavior Analysis International in Denver, CO.