Campus Access Only

All rights reserved. This publication is intended for use solely by faculty, students, and staff of University of the Pacific. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, now known or later developed, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the author or the publisher.

Date of Award

2016

Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

Carolynn Kohn

First Committee Member

Sophia Hansen

Second Committee Member

Matthew Normand

Abstract

The United States generated 251 million tons of municipal solid waste in 2012, half of which ended up in landfills; paper and paperboard make up the largest portion. Although the effects of antecedent and consequent manipulations on recycling are fairly well understood, with few exceptions (e.g., Trudel & Argo, 2013), the effect of stimulus characteristics on recycling has not been evaluated. Using a between subjects experimental group design, Trudel and Argo (2013) found size, and for cans, condition, affected recycling, such that more participants recycled large pieces of paper and large undented aluminum cans and fewer participants recycled small pieces of paper and small dented and undented aluminum cans. However, Trudel and Argo’s (2013) data provide little information regarding how context or group sessions affect recycling or whether the condition of paper might differentially affect recycling, as it did with cans. The present study used individual sessions, controlled for contextual variables (i.e., participant viewed all sizes of paper), and examined the effect of both size and condition of paper (i.e., crumpled or smooth) on recycling. Participants ( N = 60) were told this was a study about memory. They were instructed to complete a set of sorting tasks twice (for a total of two trials) with four different pieces of paper (standard-size smooth, standard-size crumpled, half-size, eighth-size), and, after each sorting task, to dispose of a piece until all four pieces were disposed. Results indicated neither size nor condition affected recycling; nearly all participants (90%) recycled all the paper. Factors other than paper size or condition (e.g., participant reactivity, geographic differences, exposure to all types of paper) may explain why results of the current study differed from previous research.

Pages

64

ISBN

9781339778815

To access this thesis/dissertation you must have a valid pacific.edu email address and create an account for Scholarly Commons.

Find in ProQuest

Share

COinS

If you are the author and would like to grant permission to make your work openly accessible, please email