Title

Comparison of gentamicin immunoassays using univariate and multivariate analyses

ORCiD

0000-0002-5447-9016

Document Type

Article

Publication Title

Therapeutic Drug Monitoring

ISSN

0163-4356

Volume

11

Issue

1

First Page

97

Last Page

104

Publication Date

1-1-1989

Abstract

Gentamicin concentrations, pharmacokinetic parameters, and calculated doses from enzyme multiplied immunoassay (EMI) and fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA) were compared in 79 samples from 39 patients. Associations between patient factors and the differences between assay results were also assessed. Concentrations were lower when measured by EMI than by FPIA in 71 of the 79 samples (p < 0.001). Mean EMI values for elimination rate constant, volume of distribution, clearance, dose, and daily dose were 10-20% higher than mean FPIA values (p = 0.01). Dosing intervals calculated from EMI and FPIA data were different in 20 pairs of intervals and varied depending on the length of calculated interval. Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that renal function and the presence or absence of cardiovascular disease, cimetidine, or ranitidine, and heparin were related to differences between the assay results. EMI and FPIA yielded different results for gentamicin concentrations, pharmacokinetic parameters, and calculated daily doses in the clinical setting. Such differences could result in toxic or subtherapeutic doses being administered and may be related, in part, to various patient factors.

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