In this Article, Professor Malloy examines the convergence of regulatory standards among international regulators, suggesting that the dynamic of financial services regulation can best be understood as a conceptualized version of the bumper cars ride at an amusement park. While Professor Malloy suggests that a certain degree of convergence has already occurred in international regulation, thus decreasing the number of “bumps” in the ride, he also recognizes that much of this convergence remains prospective rather than actual, and currently is dominated by a pattern of regionalized regulation. Professor Malloy argues that, unless a converged pattern of regulation continues to develop, the now-internationalized field of financial services will remain an arena in which large, but still uncoordinated, regionalized bumper cars carom and collide.
Michael P. Malloy, Bumper Cars: Themes of Convergence in International Regulation, 60 Fordham L. Rev. S1 (1992).