ORCiD

David M. Ojcius: 0000-0003-1461-4495

Document Type

Article

Publication Title

Nanomedicine

ISSN

1743-5889

Volume

10

Issue

24

DOI

10.2217/nnm.15.171

First Page

3519

Last Page

3535

Publication Date

12-1-2015

Abstract

Aims: Mineralo-organic nanoparticles (NPs) detected in biological fluids have been described as precursors of physiological and pathological calcifications in the body. Our main objective was to examine the early stages of mineral NP formation in body fluids. Materials & methods: A nanomaterial approach based on atomic force microscopy, dynamic light scattering, electron microscopy and spectroscopy was used. Results: The mineral particles, which contain the serum proteins albumin and fetuin-A, initially precipitate in the form of round amorphous NPs that gradually grow in size, aggregate and coalesce to form crystalline mineral films similar to the structures observed in calcified human arteries. Conclusion: Our study reveals the early stages of particle formation and provides a platform to analyze the role(s) of mineralo-organic NPs in human tissues.

Share

COinS