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Date of Award


Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)


Music Education

First Advisor

Ruth V. Brittin

First Committee Member

Eric G. Waldon

Second Committee Member

Feilin Hsiao


The predominant purpose of the study was to investigate whether or not there is a relationship between singing intonation and string playing intonation among college level and professional string players in Northern California. For the purpose of this study a convenient sampling method was used to recruit participants according to their availability. Thirty college-level and professional string players from the Bay Area participated in this study (n=30). For the purpose of this study, only violin, viola and cello players have been included. The investigative variables for the study are singing intonation and string playing intonation. Intonation has been assessed. through participants' singing and playing. A computer program, called Melodyne, was used to analyze the recorded performances of the participants and determine the magnitude and direction of deviation for both played and sung pitches. The study included a 15 minute individual task after which subjects' intonation has been assessed in two dimensions: string performance intonation and singing performance intonation~ The participants were assigned an eight-measure singing excerpt adapted from the National Anthem of the United States of America, as well as another eight-measure excerpt designed specifically to assess string performance intonation. The subjects were individually audio-recorded and the audio files were analyzed using Melodyne to determine whether or not there is a relationship between singing intonation and string playing intonation. Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient has been calculated to determine the degree of relationship between singing intonation and string playing intonation of the participants.



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