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Date of Award

2008

Document Type

Dissertation - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Department

Pharmaceutical and Chemical Sciences

First Advisor

Xin Guo

First Committee Member

Xiaoling Li

Second Committee Member

Bhaskara Jasti

Third Committee Member

Cyrus Khojasteh

Fourth Committee Member

Vyachslav V. Samoshin

Abstract

Development of liposome formulation of an amphiphilic anticancer peptide using the ANTS/DPX leakage assay. The effects of lipid composition on the liposomes' resistance to an amphiphilic cyclic peptide c[KS.S.S.KWL W] were studied by the ANTS/DPX leakage assay. One or more unsaturated acyl chains in the phospholipids, small phospholipid headgroup size, the presence of cholesterol, and the presence of PEG-lipid were demonstrated as critical parameters to stabilize the liposome membrane. A liposome formulation of the peptide comprising POPE/POPC/cholesterol/C16 mPEG 2000 ceramide (20.8:31.2:40:8, mol%) was thereby developed with a peptide-encapsulation efficiency of 47.8%. The liposomal cyclic peptide exhibited dose-dependent toxicity to MCF7 human breast cancer cells and stability under incubation.

Design, construction and in vitro characterization of a hydrazone-based convertible liposomal system for anticancer drug delivery. A novel PEG-lipid, PEG2ooo-Hz-DHG, with an acid-labile hydrazone linker between the PEG2ooo head group and the lipidic DHG moiety was synthesized. PEG2000-Hz-DHG was relatively stable at normal physiological pH 7.4, but hydrolyzed more quickly at tumor interstitium pH 6.5-7.0 and endosomal/lysosomal pH 5.0. A novel pH-sensitive "Convertible Liposome System" (CLS) was constructed comprising PEG2ooo-Hz-DHG, positively charged lipid DOTAP, and the zwitterionic phospholipid POPC (8:15:77, mol%). CLS converted from neutrally charged "stealth" liposome to positively charged liposome at tumor interstitual pH owing to the hydrolysis ofPEG2ooo-Hz-DHG. The doxorubicin-encapsulated CLS that had been pre-incubated at pH 6.5 for 30 h exhibited more intensive binding and higher toxicity to Bl6-Fl0 murine melanoma and MDA-MB-435S human breast cancer cells than doxorubicin encapsulated in pH-insensitive stealth liposome.

Pages

143

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