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Date of Award


Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)


Biological Sciences

First Advisor

Geoff Lin-Cereghino

First Committee Member

David Thomas

Second Committee Member

Lisa Wrischnik

Third Committee Member

Gregg D. Jongeward


Pichia pastoris, a popular protein expression system, is limited in its ability to secrete heterologous proteins. The PMR1 gene, the disruption of which is known to improve the secretion of prochymosin, human prourokinase, and human tissue plasminogen activator in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, was cloned from P. pastoris. The pmr 1 mutant in S. cerevisiae also displayed a slow growth phenotype when grown on low Ca2+ medium. The putative P. pastoris PMR1 gene, encoding for a 924 amino acid P-type Ca2+ ATPase, was disrupted in P. pastoris and the secretion of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and β-galactosidase (β-gal) analyzed. Secreted HRP activity was determined using 3,3',5,5' tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) colorimetric assay and western analysis. β-gal expression and secretion was determined by western analysis. Secretion in P. pastorius Δpmr1 for both heterologous proteins showed no appreciable difference compared to wild type, nor did P. pastoris Δpmr1 display the slow growth phenotype seen in S. cerevisiae Δpmr1 (Rudolph H. et al., 1989).



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