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Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)


College of the Pacific

First Advisor

Roger Katz

First Committee Member

Ken Beauchamp

Second Committee Member

Roseann Hannon


This study examined Neuro-Reflex Therapy, a type of reflexology, and effleurage massage for the treatment of diabetic neuropathy in men and women 40-73 years old with Type II diabetes. Participants were physician-referred to an alternative medicine clinic and were randomly assigned to Neuro-Reflex Therapy, effleurage massage, or a wait-list control group. The treatment groups received 12 individual 30 min sessions scheduled once a week for 12 weeks, and the control group received treatment after the study was completed. Scores on the Neuropathic Pain Scale, Section III of the Multidimensional Pain Inventory, the Profile of Mood States, the Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire, changes in foot temperature, and changes in scores on a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) were analyzed. As hypothesized, pain for both treatment groups significantly decreased from the control group; however, mood states, participation in daily activities, and temperature for the treatment groups did not significantly increase, compared to the control group, as expected.





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