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Date of Award
Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted
Master of Science (M.S.)
First Committee Member
Second Committee Member
Anurans rely mainly on vocalizations for mate attraction while urodeles rely mainly on pheromones. However, the presence of breeding glands suggests that anurans may also communicate with pheromones during reproduction. Previous studies have shown that male Hymenochirus sp. are able to attract females in a Y-maze, most likely through chemical means, but the source of the attractant has not been identified. By exposing female Hymenochirus sp. to choice tests in a Y -maze it was demonstrated that the breeding glands of male Hymenochirus sp. are the source of a mate-attractant pheromone. This study represents the first experimental evidence for a pheromonal function of breeding glands and further supports the idea that anurans utilize pheromones in reproduction. Evidence is also presented suggesting that the mate attraction is temperature sensitive with an upper limit around 30°C.
Pearl, Christopher A.. (2000). Demonstration of pheromonal activity in the breeding glands of dwarf African clawed frogs (Hymenochirus sp.) : a thesis .... University of the Pacific, Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted. https://scholarlycommons.pacific.edu/uop_etds/529
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