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Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)


Graduate School

First Advisor

Martin T. Gipson

First Committee Member

Esther Cohen

Second Committee Member

Gary N. Howells


A pretest-posttest control group design was used to compare the effectiveness of a behavioral caloric reduction/exercise increase treatment package with a caloric reduction approach. The participants consisted of 32 people selected from those responding to a community newspaper advertisement announcing the weight control program. The caloric reduction/exercise treatment group focused on energy expenditure methods for reducing weight and improving physical fitness along with procedures for controlling food intake patterns. The caloric reduction group concentrated on procedures for controlling food intake patterns only. The results indicated that weight loss was achieved by both the caloric reduction group and the combined caloric reduction and exercise group, however, the latter group achieved significantly higher weight loss. Additionally, all measures of physical fitness improved most for the combined group. The results suggest the necessity of combining caloric reduction approaches and exercise in treating obesity.