Campus Access Only

All rights reserved. This publication is intended for use solely by faculty, students, and staff of University of the Pacific. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, now known or later developed, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the author or the publisher.

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)


Graduate Studies

First Advisor

Roger L. Reimer

First Committee Member

Elmer U. Clawson

Second Committee Member

Doris C. Meyer

Third Committee Member

K. Jessie Kobayashi

Fourth Committee Member

Shirley Jennings


Problem: Women, although comprising the preponderance of the teaching force, are represented in small numbers at higher level school district administrative positions. Their numbers have been decreasing :in California despite federal and state laws mandating equal opportunities for women. The low proportion of women in these positions has been attributed to their lack of qualifications, their lack of aspiration, and their poorer performance as administrators. Others have cited such factors as discriminatory policies and practices of school districts and the attitude toward women held by those who select administrators and responsible for that.under representation of women at higher levels. These reasons needed to be examined and evaluated for the State of California.



Included in

Education Commons