Campus Access Only

All rights reserved. This publication is intended for use solely by faculty, students, and staff of University of the Pacific. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, now known or later developed, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the author or the publisher.


A Comparative Study Of The Effectiveness Of Bilingual Instruction Of Teachers With Competency Certification In Bilingual/Cross-Cultural Programs

Date of Award


Document Type



Purpose. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether students in bilingual designated classes who received B/CC instruction by a teacher with a B/CC Specialist Credential have higher gains in reading and math when compared with students who received instruction by a teacher with a B/CC Certificate of Competence and a B/CC Waiver Certificate. This study measured bilingual instruction based on a statistical comparison between student achievement and the kind of bilingual certificate. Procedures. The data was collected from two school districts: Alum Rock Unified School District in San Jose California and Stockton Unified School District in Stockton, California. The population consisted of 600 students, 300 per district and 75 teachers, about 37 per district. A total of 286 students and 48 teachers were selected for this research. The 48 teachers were divided into three groups of 5 to a group: B/CC Specialist Credential, B/CC Certificate of Competence and B/CC Waiver Certificate. The students were also divided into three groups of 25 to 30 students in a group. The students were closely matched with the teacher groups on the basis of recorded test results on pre and post tests in reading and math for each grade level. A total of 9 groups of teachers and students comprised this research. A questionnaire was selected to collect information from the teacher group. The questionnaire asked for information regarding ethnic background, linguistic background, certification, number of years teaching bilingual education, location of training and certification, male or female, years in the present position, school district, grade level now teaching and the school at which presently teaching. The purpose for this questionnaire was for careful selection of teachers and matching of students to teachers. A locally devised test was used for student achievement results for Stockton Unified School District. The Language Arts Scope and Sequence (LASS) and the Math Scope and Sequence (MSS). The Metropolitan Achievement Test results were used for Alum Rock School District. Both tests were reviewed for reliability and validity. Analysis of Covariance, two way analysis of variance and one way analysis of variance were employed to determine significant difference between student achievement and the kind of B/CC teacher certification. The level of statistical significance adapted for this study was set at the .05 level. . . . (Author's abstract exceeds stipulated maximum length. Discontinued here with permission of author.) UMI

This document is currently not available here.