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Date of Award

1983

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)

Department

Graduate School

First Advisor

Edward W. Pohlman

First Committee Member

Ronald A. Banaszak

Second Committee Member

William H. Ford

Third Committee Member

Robert R. Hopkins

Fourth Committee Member

J. Connor Sutton

Abstract

At least 45 states have or are developing statewide computer-based career information systems. Super, McKinlay, Norris and others have speculated that school counselors hold negative attitudes toward the use of computers. But no study was found exploring the presence, extent or nature of this supposed resistance . This study investigated attitudes of selected counselors, students, and pupil personnel administrators toward the utilization of computers and a computer-based career information system in career counseling. Computer-based systems for both career information and guidance work were reviewed as to operation and classification, historical perspectives, evaluation studies, and probable future use and potential.

Subjects in the study were 124 high school and community college counselors, 987 students, and 20 pupil personnel administrators in California schools and colleges in which a computer-based career information system known as EUREKA had been in use for at least a year. Data were collected using three surveys developed by the researcher.

Results of the data analysis indicate that assumptions regarding counselors holding negative attitudes toward the use of computers in career counseling need to be revised. The responses of the counselors included in the study were highly positive in relation to the use of computers in career counseling programs. Conclusions presented reveal that all sample groups agree: 1) computers are valuable tools whose use frees counselors to devote more time to services best provided by a counselor; 2) computer-based Career Information System's costs are not excessive compared to the benefits; 3) computers will become more important as career counseling tools; 4) future and practicing counselors should receive computer training; 5) the EUREKA CIS was rated highly both as a career counseling tool and as a valuable source of information for students; and, 6) students prefer to use a computer based CIS rather than the usual book and filing cabinet approach in career research.

Pages

179

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