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Date of Award

1984

Document Type

Dissertation - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)

Department

Graduate School

First Advisor

Roger L. Reimer

First Committee Member

John V. Schippers

Second Committee Member

William P. Bacon

Third Committee Member

Augustine Garcia

Abstract

The study examines the effect that implementation of California State Law establishing School Attendance Review Boards has had on Junior High and Middle School Students in the Central Valley of California. The legislation deals with students who have problems of truancy and student misconduct. The study focused on the effect that referral to the School Attendance Review Board had on pupil attendance in the counties of San Joaquin, Stanislaus, Fresno, Kings, and Kern in the San Joaquin Vallev of California.

A questionnaire was administered to principals of 36 junior high and middle schools in three geographical sections of the San Joaquin Valley. Part I of the questionnaire requested data on general attendance procedures; Part II elicited information on individual pupils referred to the School Attendance Review Board.

The test design utilized descriptive and correlational analyses to determine the effectiveness of referral to SARB. Computations were made to note differences in attendance due to sex and ethnicity. Data were further analyzed to determine whether attendance, counseling, class program changes, and alternate class assignments significantly alter the attendance patterns of truants, using an analysis of variance. T-tests determined significant differences in attendance of students before and after referral to the School Attendance Review Board.

T-test analyses of the effectiveness of referral to SARB showed that all pupils as a group had significantly improved attendance in each of the regions studied as well as overall. Analyses by sex showed that male subjects as well as female subjects improved attendance significantly. Separate analyses by ethnicity indicated improvement regardless of this variable.

Regarding the rate of referral, Whites were referred in lower numbers than general pupil population would warrant, whereas Blacks and Hispanics were referred in larger numbers than their proportion to the general population. Males were referred at higher rates than females to the School Attendance Review Board.

Analysis of the data dealing with the question of post-SARB treatment (counseling, class program change, alternative schooling, and no treatment) indicated that there was no significant difference between treatments. There also was no difference between any treatment and no treatment.

Pages

105

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