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Date of Award


Document Type

Dissertation - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)



First Advisor

Dennis P. Brennan

First Committee Member

Fred Muskal

Second Committee Member

Tod Anton

Third Committee Member

Shirley M. Jennings


Purposes: The purposes of this investigation were to identify the use of paid lobbyists within California school districts, to describe the legislative lobbying activities of superintendents, and to compare the perceptions of superintendents and legislators to determine effective lobbying practices.



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