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Date of Award


Document Type

Dissertation - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)


Graduate Studies

First Advisor

Robert R. Hopkins

First Committee Member

J. Marc Jantzen

Second Committee Member

M. Lewis Mason

Third Committee Member

Fred Muskal

Fourth Committee Member

Armand P. Maffia


PROBLEM: Because of the potential detrimental effect of social isolation to the academic achievement and social and personal. adjustment of elementary school pupils, there is a need for data describing communication skills of an isolate sample.



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