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Date of Award

2002

Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

Kenneth Beauchamp

First Committee Member

Roseann Hannon

Second Committee Member

Gary Howells

Abstract

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by an intense preoccupation with an imagined or real defect of an individual's physical appearance (Sobanski & Schmidt, 2000). This present study was an extension of the work of Mayville(1998, 1999), who studied BDD symptoms in a non-clinical multi-ethnic adolescent population. The results of Mayville's (1998, 1999) study indicated that African Americans have a more positive body image compared to any other ethnic group, and females demonstrated less satisfaction with their physical appearance in comparison to males. In addition to replicating Mayville's study (1998, 1999), this study focused on the component of social anxiety symptoms, and its relationship to body dysmorphic symptoms. It is imperative to study the relationship between BDD and social anxiety in adolescents, as there may be diminished functioning in terms of social and academic performance for those who are diagnosed with BDD (Albertini & Phillips, 1999). In this study scores were examined on two different scales: Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS, Hart, Leary, & Rejeski, 1989) and the Fear of Negative Evaluations Scale (FNE, Watson & Friend, 1969) with their respective relationships to scores on the Body Image Rating Scale (BIRS, Mayville, Gipson, and Katz, 1997). As expected the SPAS contributed significantly and substantially to the prediction of scores on the BIRS in comparison to the FNE. The large squared semi-partial correlation coefficients in this study indicate that there is some overlap between the constructs of body dysmorphic disorder symptoms and the two measures of social anxiety symptoms. In this study, however, the Sex variable and Ethnicity variable did not contribute substantially to predicting scores on the BIRS.

Pages

45

ISBN

9780493646015 , 0493646019

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