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Date of Award

1976

Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

John R. Lutzker

First Committee Member

John H. Mabry

Second Committee Member

Roger C. Katz

Third Committee Member

Martin T. Gipson

Abstract

Studies investigating the use of behavioral techniques in the treatment of health-related problems have recently received considerable emphasis. Problems such as enuresis (Atthowe, 1972; Nordquist, 1971), obesity (Stuart, 19137), alcoholism (Miller, 1972; Sobell and Sobell, 1973), chronic pain (Fordyce, Fowler, Lehman, and DeLateur, 1975·), and asthma (Neisworth, 1972; Renne and Creer. 1976) have been treated by the use of behavioral techniques. Katz and Zlutnick (1975) mention two critical areas in which behavior analysis is particularly applicable to health care: a) rehabilitation, and b) patient management. Rehabilitation involves learning behaviors related to specific physical disabilities, for example stroke patients relearning walking skills, and amputees learning various self-care and vocational skills. Patient management involves increasing or decreasing specific patient behaviors to ensure they follow prescribed treatment plans. Patients with chronic dieases such as diabetes or multiple sclerosis must often be placed on stringent medical regimens. Thus, compliance with physicians 1 requests to take medication, follow diets, or engage in exercise is a vital component of patient management and must be maintained if a patient is to sustain optimal health. In view of these considerations, knowledge of the conditions under which

Pages

36

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