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Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)


Graduate Studies

First Advisor

Arthur H. Maynard

First Committee Member

Andrew Key

Second Committee Member

B. A. R[?]


Various religious ideas are expressed in both the Old and the New Testament. Although these ideas do not express a single theology within the Biblical literature, some basic ideas do reoccur. Among these are notions about man, his relationship to God and to society. These concepts of man and his relationships may be brought together to form a composite "man" which might be referred to as Biblical Man. There are contemporary views of Biblical Man which may not in fact be Biblical. Such a view is the notion that man is formed of two or three {listinct parts: body and soul, or body, soul and spirit. It is the purpose of this thesis to discover whether or not the popular concept of body, soul, and spirit representing three distinct parts of man is Biblical. In order to develop this thesis, both the Old and the New Testaments have been researched for ideas pertaining to Biblical Man. Of importance to the background of New Testament thought are the "extraneous" compositions comprising the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha. Therefore, this literature has also been reviewed. The first topic covered in this investigation is "Man in Community. This has been examined in order to understand Biblical Man's relationship to society. Other topics covered are the three terms which are popularly conceived as forming man's trichotomy: "body," "soul," and "spirit." Each of these topics have been reviewed in the Old Testament, the inter-testamental literature, and finally, the New Testament, for ideas pertaining to man. This investigation has included a variety of scholarly works in addition to the English translations of the Biblical and non- Biblical literature. For the purpose of uniformity, English translations of terms researched have been used with the exception of direct quotations. Also, where necessary for clarification, the Hebrew and Greek transliterations have been used.



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Religion Commons