Simplified seismic design procedure for geosynthetic-lined, solid-waste landfills
This paper critically reviews seismic design practices in light of the observed performance of landfills during recent earthquakes. Developments in these areas are summarized as follows: earthquake ground motions, dynamic waste fill properties, dynamic responses of geomembranes and their interfaces, nonlinear dynamic response analysis, and seismic stability evaluation. A newly developed simplified seismic analysis procedure that requires the most critical factors be addressed during a seismic performance evaluation is presented. The underlying seismic analysis procedure has been validated against observed performance of landfills shaken by the 1989 Loma Prieta and 1994 Northridge, California earthquakes. The procedure is comprehensive in that it requires: i) characterization of the design bedrock motions in terms of intensity, frequency content, and duration; ii) estimation of the seismic loading at the base and cover of the landfill; iii) evaluation of performance in terms of seismically induced permanent deformations; and iv) appropriate engineering judgment.
Bray, J. D.,
Rathie, E. M.,
Augello, A. J.,
Merry, S. M.
Simplified seismic design procedure for geosynthetic-lined, solid-waste landfills.
Geosynthetics International, 5(1-2), 203–235.