Title

Factors Associated With a Higher Risk of Undiagnosed Prediabetes in a Community-Dwelling Medicare Population

Document Type

Article

Publication Title

Senior Care Pharmacist

ISSN

2639-9636

Volume

35

Issue

2

DOI

10.4140/TCP.n.2020.85

First Page

85

Last Page

92

Publication Date

2-1-2020

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To identify characteristics in an ambulatory Medicare population that are significantly more likely to be associated with a high risk of undiagnosed prediabetes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Fourteen health clinics targeting Medicare beneficiaries were held throughout northern and central California during the fall of 2017. PATIENTS, PARTICIPANTS: Noninstitutionalized Medicare beneficiaries receiving medication therapy management services without self-reported diabetes. INTERVENTIONS: Beneficiaries were screened for their risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) through the use of the American Diabetes Association (ADA) risk assessment (score of ≥ 5 indicates increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes) by pharmacy students. For this study, patients with a score of ≥ 5 were considered to be at high risk for undiagnosed prediabetes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Characteristics significantly more likely to be identified in patients at high risk for undiagnosed prediabetes. RESULTS: A total of 683 Medicare beneficiaries without self-reported diabetes completed the ADA risk assessment, with 457 (66.9%) receiving a score of 5 or more. In those, the presence of hyperlipidemia, hypertension, obesity, coronary heart disease, and use of aspirin were all characteristics researchers identified as significantly more likely to be found in this group. In contrast, those of Asian race or who took dietary supplements were significantly less likely to score 5 or higher in the questionnaire. CONCLUSION: Identification of older adults at higher risk for undiagnosed prediabetes through the use of appropriate screening tools allows for targeted preventive interventions, potentially lowering risk of developing T2DM for selected patients.

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