Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Physician Assistant Studies


Physician Assistant Education

First Advisor

Mark Christiansen


Immobilizing the cervical spine is the standard of care in the United States to prevent exacerbating unstable spinal fractures resulting in permanent neurological deficits. Current spinal protocols liberally place collars on trauma patients although retrospective studies on these guidelines have revealed multiple negative consequences of prolonged scene times and immobilization on patient outcomes. There are limited studies in the United States about the consequences of not taking spinal precautions because there is a fear of not immobilizing a patient and causing permanent neurologic deficits. However, the few studies that are available demonstrate that collars are not beneficial. Spinal protocols should attempt to target unstable spinal fractures and research should continue to analyze the effectiveness of protocols until cervical spine precautions are standardized and supported by evidence-based medicine.

Crouch_Presentation Slides.pptx (535 kB)
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Crouch_Presentation Slides.pptx (535 kB)
Click here to download Presentation Slides



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