Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Physician Assistant Studies


Physician Assistant Education

First Advisor

Mark Christiansen


If anything was learned since Breaking Bad, it’s that the devastation due to the methamphetamine problem does not spare a single person. Similarly, cocaine abuse does not have benign effects on the heart. Methamphetamine and cocaine abuse are increasing worldwide including use among the younger population; making recognition of the cardiovascular risks more important than ever.

If long-term BBT can decrease the incidence of stimulant-related cardiovascular complications commonly experienced in methamphetamine and cocaine users, then it may be possible to decrease unnecessary admissions to the hospital and ICU. Therefore, in patients who actively engage in stimulant drug abuse, how does long-term BBT, both selective and nonselective, affect cardiovascular outcomes compared to no BBT regarding prevention of stimulant-induced-cardiomyopathy?

Bugbee_Presentation Slides.pptx (14082 kB)
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Bugbee_Presentation Slides.pptx (14082 kB)
Click here to download Presentation Slides



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