John Muir


John Muir


Helen and Wanda [Muir]


[Page 1]

Near Bergen Norway

July 31, 1893 8:30 PM

My dear sweet little Helen & Wanda. The ship is going very fast through the beautiful blue water among a lot of island and is shaking so much I can hardly write. In a few minutes we will be at a queer looking Norwegian town called Bergen and there I will go ashore and send this letter to you. Tomorrow evening we will start back to Scotland where we will land about Wednesday night then I’m going to London and Switzerland and then

"[Page 2]

I’m going home. I bought some nice little things for you in another queer town called Savanger, and in still another called Throndheim and perhaps I may see something you would like in Bergen.

I have enjoyed the sail in Norway very much for more than a thousand miles I have been sailing in narrow channels between high mountains in beautiful scenery. The walls of the channels or fiords as they are called are about 3000 or 4000 feet high and are covered with heather and grass "

"[Page 3]

and bluebells and larkspurs and geraniums and geraniums and buttercups and many other beautiful flowers. Also many handsome birch trees not very big, and alders and willows and huckleberries. Wild strawberries grow on these high steep hills too as well as raspberries but there are not many pine trees or spruce, nothing like California trees. It is just as if all the valleys of California were full of water so that we could sail about in them. The farms along the sides of the mountains are very [ ] and small – less than "

"[Page 4]

an acre many of them. Hundreds of waterfalls come tumbling over the tops of the high cliffs to make them very beautiful and make all the country joyful. Some day you must see them. The people are good and kind but they are not troubled much with money.

I also rode about 200 miles through the country and saw many lovely lakes and two charming and grand Yosemite Valleys called Naradal and Romadal. I’ll bring some pictures of them. God bless you my darlings. Your father John Muir"


[Near] Bergen, Norway

Date Original

1893 Jul 31


Original letter dimensions: 20 x 13 cm.

Resource Identifier


File Identifier

MSS 301 Shone

Copyright Statement

The unpublished works of John Muir are copyrighted by the Muir-Hanna Trust. To purchase copies of images and/or obtain permission to publish or exhibit them, see

Owning Institution

Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library. Please contact this institution directly to obtain copies of the images or permission to publish or use them beyond educational purposes.

Copyright Holder

Muir-Hanna Trust

Copyright Date



4 pages


Environmentalist, naturalist, travel, conservation, national parks, John Muir, Yosemite, California, history, correspondence, letters


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