John Muir


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A phenomenon in the true meaning of the term is any event which occurs in the common course of nature such as death; rain fall of dew [storms] etc these are as really phenomena as earthquake or any extraordinary or terrific event to which we are in the habit of almost exclusively applying the term.

A Law of nature. When after continued observation of phenomena and [multiple] experiments under circumstances [varied] in all pofsible [possible] ways certain effects are always produced the principle thus obtained is “a law of nature.” A body is an aggregation of [particle] forming one mafs [mass].

We obtain all of our knowledge of the laws of nature by experience.

Experience is acquired by observation and experiment.

Experiences empirical knowledge

Ten [Tenaya] Falls

For about 30 yds [yards] ab [above] bank water flows down solid flat pavement of granite at angle of 18 [degrees] in high [Ho] is 25 yds [yards] wide this is splendidly varied by 3 par [parallel] shut gutters ring in dir [direction] of stream formed by action of [HO] on seams, as these gutter are variable in width & slightly sinuous & possessed of rounded boulders wedged firmly in narrow places they produce all forms of leaking & arching vert [vertical] portion not more than 60 or 80 ft [feet]

Alder Laurel Fir Spruce Ferns Woodward [ ] & [ ] [adiantum] [beneath] falls.

Left half of fall turned abruptly like Victoria falls

Rich live oaks

Rrocks [removed] over [hang]

[sketch] X 1887

Date Written


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