45 forest excepting a few [specimens] of Douglas & Libo. then quite abruptly gives way to picea [amabilis] magnifica wh constitutes the whole forest up to height of 8000 feet. Here it splices with pinus [flexilis] albicaulis wh runs up to 10000 In this splice only a few p Contorta & Monticola appear, so few as to be seen as noticeable. In the picea [amabilis] magnifica I did not observe a [grandis] concolor or any other tree in a belt 2 or 3 miles wide. No such exclusiveness instanced in the southern portion of range. The [amabilis] magnifica of the South is however more perfect, less stormbroken & larger
46 & more inclined to form [fine] individual groves These are very fine while young but more or less broken when old. Also the whorls of branches are more drooped perhaps on account of heavier & longer lasting snows Perhaps this would account also for the greater number of broken axes, few of these firs exceed a thickness of five feet & height of 150 Their soil is exclusively red lava, the best fir soil is a mixture of slate & granite. The Williamson spruce is not so abundant or so perfect here
Original journal dimensions: 9 x 14.5 cm.
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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist