John Muir


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Divide Joaq [Joaquin] S f [South Fork] & King 10300, 1 of Bot [bottom] Dome 8800


Sept 30. Camp with main party

[Sketch of mountain]

Arrived early & went with Clark to point on divide to view the landscape & plan route. View awful vast wilderness of rocks, canons [canyons]. Clark groaned & went home.

Oct 1 [Sept 31] that is 10th of

Alt [altitude] of 10th camp 8700 ft main party with animals. on small grass meadow on edge of N. [north] most Fork of Kings R. [River]. From [divide] KR [Kings River] & San Joaq [Joaquin] where we crossed we entered a long straight [val] valley remarkable for its any domes on [E] [east] side


from whose carved bases came many avas [avalanches] of snow cutting gaps in timbers & making many hillocks on W [west] side. Some of these hillocks of former avas [avalanches] had crop of trees 2ft dia [diameter] some of these older [ones/over] swept by newer up rooting [pines] etc.

The middle portion of this val [valley] is blocked up throughout in remarkable way by the many rock heaps of [when] when a val [valley] stream is [decreased/doused] by debris of ava [avalanche] it sorts out the finer material if it has

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 8 x 12 cm.

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Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist