John Muir


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17 by Lib Cap [Liberty Cap] & Grand up mtn of 2nd Yo, comes quite near to the waters edge leaving a rocky block strewn margin for the traveler. A few hundred yds [yards] higher the water of the stream are calm as in a lake as they flow through an old lake basin that is now well forested with pines & firs & incense cedar, The cedars & sugar pines are particularly fine. This is a 3rd Yo Sem [Yosemite] about a mile long at the head the river enters by a splendid cascade broad fan shaped & silvery. The upper part of the cascade is a vert fall of about 10 feet, the rest a descent at an angle of about 25°, whole descent about 40 ft, on the N side of this beautiful small Yo Sem are fine [cascades] formed by [Hopkins ] crk [creek] whose waters are drained from the S flank of Clds Rest ridge entering the valley in a ribbed series of cascades nearly vert, by descent of 5 or 6 hundred feet, In early spring these must be very [imposing] [mouth] Big [Casc] 9,300 18 The walls of this 3rd Yo [Yosemite] are extremely [ ] on both sides, especially on the N [north] and average about 1500 feet in height, they are remarkable for [their] [wavy] massive hardness & seamlessness they curve outwards on both sides making an oval valley the wall of S side is composed entirely of one face of one rock wh [which] is the same ground rock forming part of 2nd Yo [Yosemite] walls. The calm drowsy flow of the river in its broad sandy channel the wide noble spreading sugar pines & tall brown cedars & complete unity of circling [clasping] protecting glacier polished walls are the most conspicuous characteristics of this delightful hidden little Yosemite Valley. Alt of [ ] ab [above] Sea 6450 The ice in escaping from this lake basin was compelled to squeeze [past] out of a very narrow throated door, & striae [striations] show that it climbed upwards. The [widening] of the [gen] [can] to form this valley & others was effected by ice coming in by several doors, in this case two

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Original journal dimensions: 15 x 18 cm.

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Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist