14 4th yellow [rosy] light of sunrise on gl a burly black rock seperating the two branches of the gl casts a long shadow bluer than the sky edge fringed with [slender] shadows of pinnacles. In front the [hasy] base mtns are gray with trees, in foreground the [river] comes [swing] round a [ ] point patches of snow on the banks. Down valley light yellow camp 1 m from up end Valley is [barricaded] both up & down by snowy mtns, birds sing. 1st Lake basin about 1 m long 2nd “ Still half lake 1-1/2 m long willowy [moory] here & then big log carried by aval [avalanche] Cascades between two with descent of about 70 ft. 2nd ends just above big trib [tributary] perhaps due to Big Crater trib gl.
15 3rd lake about a mile long 50 ft below 2nd at the mouth of big trib. A short dist below the lake [ ] not having been [begun] immediately in [front] on account of hardness of rock that carried it forward, still preserving slope to give [scooping] power. There is a fine brisk soda spring on the E. side of river near big trib. 4th lake scarcely separate from 3rd perhaps was one [separated] by narrow strip – formed by the same down pressure of Great west tributary. Avalanch gaps below Big trib higher 200 yds, lower & later 140 yds N wall convex. Avalanche apparently same age as latest of Tuol Val in grove of Will [Sp] N side Cath Peak rock has formed.
Original journal dimensions: 10 x 16.5 cm.
Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library
John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist