John Muir


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From Savannah to Fernandina. My half day’s sail along the coast to Fernandina, Florida, was full of the charm of novelty, and association of my Scottish days at Dunbar on the Firth of Forth. It is well known that a short geological time ago the ocean covered the sandy level margin that extends from Virginia to Texas from the present coast line to the Appalachian mountains, and in retiring left many basins for lakes and swamps. The land is still pushing the ocean away from it, and it does so, not evenly in a smooth line, but fringingly by lagoons and inlets and dot-like groups of coral islets, these growing at their edges gradually remove the lakes and channels and encircling waters of the islands. It is upon the coast strip of isles and peninsulas that the sea island cotton is grown. Some of these islands are afloat, anchored only by the roots of mangroves and rushes.

Date Original

July 1867


Original journal dimensions: 10 x 16.5 cm.

Resource Identifier



Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist