John Muir


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[that] falls silent upon them palms. Filtered thro these it falls again to the ferns (Aspidium lonchitis) & mosses. With rosettes of dwarf [cornel], trientalis, oxalis with snowy flrs & [Erythronium]. Above 2000 ft this maple, which is usually hung with moss [tree] & when large enough, say 6 inch dia or more, planted with polypod, vanishes & the forest flower is but little leafy or shrubby mostly encumbered in the densest & oldest woods with several generations of dead trees lying two or three deep Cupressus nootkatensis. 4500 to 6000 common at this height in other parts of cascade. Here & there a few junipers dwarf at from 7000 to 8000.. [Abris Williamsoom] from 2500 to limit of timber line -7000-ft. P. Monticola. 2000 to 4500 Alder & birch common [ ] up to 4000 Salal up to 3000. 3 species of huckleberry, red up to 2000 then common black up to 4500 [there] small black (4 to 6 inches high) large berries (1/2 inch) to 6000 ft. Doug-Spruce up to 4000. Forest covers all summits of the cascades nearly. The distribution of summit that reach above the snowline is controlled by snow, so also other vegetations.

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 11 x 17.5 cm.

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Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist