John Muir


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Trichodesmium erythraeum not seen since the N.E. wind began to blow. This is the species of Confervae which gives name to the red sea. We arrive at Suez about 5:00 P.M. Enter the Canal about 7:00 P.M. N.E. wind scarce perceptible, but the temperature still lower. Fifteen passengers left us here at Suez to go to Cairo by a night train to visit the pyramids, expecting to join the ship again at Port Said. In this they were successful, having the romantic pleasure of passing the night in the sand at the foot of the pyramids. March 5. Fine, cool, calm morning. No cloud, but hazy. The Canal is being widened. Many dredges are at work. The banks, too, are being lined with cemented rock and brick work, to protect them from washing caused by waves from the passing steamers. Arrived at Port Said about 8:00 A.M. a busy place. Thirty or more steamships here. Many of them coal carriers. Departed for Naples about 2:00 P.M. March 6. Cloudy morning. N.E. wind. Cool overcoat weather. Bracing. Exhilarating. Clearing toward noon. Water dark blue. No land in sight all day. High wind. March 7. Beautiful day. Sea calm. Sky clear. Temperature still low, but the long-continued N.E. wind has at last died away. Crete, where Paul was shipwrecked, was in plain sight this morning at seven o’clock. March 8. High wind. Slight rolling of ship. About 1:30 P.M. Italy in sight. Mountainous. Shows glacial feature on approach to Straits of Messina, whose ruined cities were lately so perfectly desolate, and where over 100,000 people lost their lives. The scenery of the Straits very picturesque. March 9. Arrived at Naples. Go to Museum, full of the statuary from Pompeii. March 10. Go to the old Roman town of Pozzuli with Mr. Toplas. March 11. Make the trip to Pompeii. March 12. To Vesuvius. March 13. To Capri, whose blue grotto is one of the most wonderful I ever saw.

Date Original

November 1911


Original journal dimensions: 10 x 17 cm.

Resource Identifier



Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist