May 3. Temperature 6:00 A.M. 58°. Calm, clear, cool, arrived at anchorage at mouth of river about 1:00 A.M. Even at distance of 50 miles from mouth, out of sight of land. The Siberia drawing 27 feet had to drop anchor and wait the rise of tide. The river here, 14 miles below Shanghai is about 3 or 4 miles (?) wide, and now, 7:30 A.M., the tide falling makes rapid current. The quantity of water discharged must be enormous - a huge brown mud-laden flood. A few miles above anchorage on left bank of river, there is a village and above this, all the way to Shanghai, the numbers of houses junks, fields, etc., increases. Factories here and there, with long chineys; gunboats innumerable, cannatus and junks so-called and rowed an poled. Fine Bund. Hotels, Banks, narrow strip of main town, small public park and garden. May 4. Temperature 8:00 A.M. 60°, 11:30 A.M. 59°. Cloudy and dark all day and cold. No land in sight. Tomorrow morning we should be in Nagasaki where I suppose the ship will be coaled. Last evening, instead of leaving Shanghai at 6:00, we waited until after 7:00 for the Doctor. Every one chilly and impatient, reached the Siberia at 8:30 P.M. Hungry, of course, went late to bed and of course have been sleeping all day. The amount of mud carried to sea must be enormous. The whole of China lowlands back to the foothills of fountains mountain may be chiefly glacial drift reformed. The so-called loess is probably reformed sediments many times shifted and sorted.
Original journal dimensions: 9 x 15.5 cm.
Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library
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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist