John Muir


image preview


After driving through town left for Vladivostock at 3:45 P.M. Altitude 600 feet at 6:00 P.M. After running through wide cultivated prairie-like bottom, like that passed west of Harbin, we are now ascending picturesque small valley in the midst of finely and apparently freshly glaciated hills and ridges. No main characteristic glacial sculpture is to be found in Alaska or California. Glacial n[illegible] and valleys with tributary trends covered mostly with bushy and small birch, elms and maple, all though better part of bottom and sides of low hill cultivated, Raspberries offered at station by Chinese. Rock exposures are slate m[illegible], grape vines here. Glacially seems nearly alpine, wholly so in sculpture. Yet only 600 feet at sea level and tops of near mountains 1000 to 2000 feet only like some in Alaska. August 17th Barometer 1400, 5:00 A.M. Temperature 60. In mountains descending a small stream which winds through an almost continuous series of glacial meads, alpine with gentians and mountains 3 to 4000 feet high, the rock granite. Passed divide in night. Ash, oak, spruce. 7:30 in magnificent fertile flat floored valley, 10 to 15 miles wide. Barometer 800 feet. Chinese settlements, villages here and there with patches of millet and vegetables; low mountain walls with ground down foothills extending into flat bottom 50 miles. We have been in this valley, beautiful trends. Very flowery and wild alpine like mostly blue gentian, a few miles back, and bluebells, asters, golden rod, wild apple, pear, plum, last evening. At 11:30 A.M. Barometer 2000 after passing through 3 tunnels. The mountains clad with rich flowers and oak wood with Mahogany birch. Charming. 12:40 P.M. Barometer 1200 feet. Oak and birch, Mahogany woods and flowery oak grubs in 10,000 show

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 9.5 x 16 cm.

Resource Identifier



Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

Rights Management

To view additional information on copyright and related rights of this item, such as to purchase copies of images and/or obtain permission to publish them, click here to view the Holt-Atherton Special Collections policies.


John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist