7:30 A.M. Raining. Larch now abundant, trees great size and picturesque. 75 feet high (?) Spruce and Abies. A fine forest extending far to horizon, hills and dales and streams. Like an Alaskan morning. 10:00 A.M. At Komchong. Barometer 1100, rainy. Cembra growing in ground where water is standing within a foot of surface, with spruce and larch. The country is heavily covered with clay and sand roughly or evenly stratified, and cut into banks, ridges, “hogbacks” like those around Georgian Bay, Canada, parts of Alaska, Puget Sound, etc. The wash from receding glacial ice-sheet in region where no resisting rock with definite determining cleavage, few quartz pebbles? 10:30 have just passed bedrock exposure, crumbling clay slates. Whatever the size of fragments from such rocks, they are speedily reduced to clay and sand by the weather and glacial streams, the same material in the Steppes. Cheliabinsk 784 Kurgan 259 Petropavlovsk 474 Omsk 329 Kainsk 495 Kolyvan 405 Maryinsk 476 911 divide Atchinsk 710 1474 Krasnoyarsk 697 1575 Nijni-Udinsk 1467 2352 Irkutsk 1479 Verkne-Udinsk 1781 3665 Chita 2281 Nerchinsk 1502
12:50 P.M. In a broad flat valley mostly treeless, rounded bluffy banks bare on north. Mountains with afar peaks, 100 versts [a verst is a Russian measure of distance; .66 mile] or more to south, extensively
Original journal dimensions: 9.5 x 16 cm.
Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library
John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist