and forests of them in massive array on hills a mile or two away. Surely among the most ancient of their race. At 15 minutes farther a lot of spruce or Abies or both and more abundant Pine. 2:30 P.M. Still more beautiful woods. Pine noble looking, Abies and birch on charming hills, each tree with its own shadow. Flowery sunny woods, bright day, here and there flower beds th[illegible] undergrowth. Soil mostly sand, stratification not plain in many places. No bedrock seen in the cuts. Altitude 700 feet. 6:00 P.M. Altitude 900 feet. Magnificent pines and Abies, compared with those we have seen, half mile from the track, one of the pines may be Cembra. They are. Still birch is the main tree, forming forests nearly pure. As we approach Tomsk station, the Cembra pine, called cedar here and from which thousands of tons a year of seeds are gathered for food becomes common, growing with birch, spruce and fir. It is a very strikingly picturesque tree with strong outspoken personality, takes many forms like sugar and Monticola and flexilis, all that group of 5-leaved pines often flat on top or with long outreaching arms, some densely dome-shaped, young, airy, feathery like sugar pine, [sketch] some growing on wet almost boggy ground, others on sunny hills. Fir and spruce abundant also near station Taiya, but eastward about dark 9:00 P.M. The
Original journal dimensions: 9.5 x 16 cm.
Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library
John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist