John Muir


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10:40 local A.M. All the country in sight covered with birch forest, as birch second crop, except small swamps and fields, say, one-tenth of area. About 11:00 A.M. Arrive at Ob on large river of same name, about half mile wide. Numerous steamers along banks. All about 430 feet. Stop half hour. As soon as cross river find ourselves in Pinus sylvestris woods. A good many old picturesque round-headed trees, a thick growth of tall, younger and infinite seedlings. Good groves or forests within a few minutes walk from station In an hour from station East, the railroad reaches 700 feet elevation. Trees mostly birch, the pines having been cut. Many old stumps visible and young pines among the birch. Pinus sylvestris is a wonderful indomitable species. Not a specimen seen after leaving the foot of the Urals until here - able, enduring, so is the admirable birch. Fine to see hills again, however low. Ground dry, scarce at all cultivated. The birch much larger here and has been cut so extensively what is left make sunny openings. At distance of 3 or 4 miles, the woods seem continuous and dense. 1:30 P.M. Altitude 500. Delightful to see real hills. They are covered with tall grasses good for hay, and birch forest (with here and there a Pinus sylvestris) heavily thinned by fire and the axe. Grass flowery. 2:15 P.M. 600 feet Altitude. Grand old pines feet fire-blackened, standing near track among birch

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Original journal dimensions: 9.5 x 16 cm.

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Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist