John Muir


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passing in charming gradation of color and distance, lovely peaceful moderate mountains purely wild, in great part wholly so. 7:30 A.M. Elevation 1100 feet, magnificent mountains on either side of borad valley (6 or 8 miles), all forested slopes charmingly gentle and simple, height of mountains perhaps about 2000 or 2500 feet at sea level. The rock as far as seen is mostly slates, with but little strength of structure, alluring glaciers to degrade and sculpture them at will. 8:00 A.M. Elevation 1300, running up small stream, millions of pines on hills and mountains all round. Millions, few above 50 feet high. Here it is very strictly erect, unlike the cultivated. Birch also very abundant, and about the same size. All open spots in the woods mowed for hay. Now mostly stacked in round piles like rat nests. They make curious marks in the wild woods. 9:10 A.M. Today’s time, are passing through a flat [illegible] the mountains, in which many handsome spruces are associated with the pines and birches at elevation of 1150 feet. The forest boundless, endless, etc. Zlatanst, 1350 feet, at 10:00 A.M. Picea abies, saw a few larch, and oaks. The town seems old - traces of fire in adjacent forest. 11:00 A.M. 1600 feet. On right side of broad valley displaying immense breadth of forest,

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Original journal dimensions: 9.5 x 16 cm.

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Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist