grade on bank of torrent which had been in flood last week, and carried away many bridges and retaining walls of road. Many at work repairing damage. About 3 P.M. turned up stream at point of confluence - fine, steep, but rather smooth mountain slopes on either hand, and indeed all around. Had sharp downpour of rain A.M., for few minutes which made a lively stir. At dark cool, needed overcoat for first time, lo, these many days, hot and dirty. Delightful freshness and cold water. Dirty station. Hills and mountains brushy, few large trees seen today, but marvellous agricultural wealth to be found in midst of mountains. July 23rd. 5000 feet at sea level. Slowly ascended steep mountain wall of canon in long loops, passed over divide at nearly 7800 feet. In climbing left at about 6000 feet, hazel, oak, Lonicera, maple, apple, etc., Next came Azalea pontica, more and above seal level. Miles and miles of it up to about 7000 feet, occupying the ground almost exclusively, grassy openings [illegible]. The clumps and patches. Then came Veratrum, giving color to all the slopes. In general, the ground is very flowery, campanulas, linum, lovely large blue geranium, beautiful as baby eye Nemophila. Mints bright and many, etc., Long swoop down through many strong snow sheds, and snow avalanche breaks to Kasbek, arrived about 3 P.M. Grand view of mountain of that name with its glaciers, from hotel veranda. Have been watching the play of clouds about it all P.M. Perfectly clear 1 hour before sunset. Height of station about 6000 feet, of mountain about 16,140 feet.
Original journal dimensions: 9.5 x 16 cm.
Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library
John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist