photos, etc. The chamois, ibex, wild sheep, bear, cats, etc. Also went to Art Museum. Fine large, telling pictures of battles and several very good marine pieces. Portraits of Czar, etc. The hall was killing hot. In the P.M. took ride through the town. Most of the teams from the country with produce are oxen, cows, ½ of them, Buffalo patient beasts fond of lying and wallowing in water, chewing cud.. The horses poor, overworked; 2- donkeys and mules, I pity them. So also many of the people who carry enormous loads. July 22nd. Started across the Dariel Pass for Vladikavkas? Comfortable carriage, grim conductor on box with driver, armed with sword and bugle, warning everybody out of the way by terrible calls, much bothered with boys trying to ride behind baggage. Changed horses 20 versts or less according to grade. Started at 7 o’clock, arrived at station [illegible]. At 8 P.M. After dull ride of 25 or 28 versts along Kroura and tributary entered magnificent valley of great extent surrounded by mountains. Very fertile, corn and barley, etc. On a lake or lakes. Climbing out of it by long arm came after ascent of 1000 feet or more, 3000 feet to a still grander and more fertile valley with surrounding hills as well as floor, under best cultivation have seen in Russia. Strips of grain succeeding one another and strips of fallow grain getting ripe, splendid effect, heavy crops, the garden spot of the region. A lake a mile or 2 long in the midst, and a considerable town, a summer resort. After lunch climbed out of this rich valley and soon were racing down long
Original journal dimensions: 9.5 x 16 cm.
Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library
John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist